Measures for Prevention of Misconduct in Research

1. Measures for Prevention of Misconduct in Research

Ritsumeikan Asia Pacific University (APU) established the Ritsumeikan Asia Pacific University Research Code of Ethics on November 13th, 2007. All those who are involved in research at the university must be familiar with and adhere to the norms and standards set forth in the Research Code of Ethics.
The Ministry of Education, Culture, Sports, Science and Technology released the Guidelines for Responding to Misconduct in Research in August 2014. These guidelines, while maintaining researchers' own discipline and research institutions' autonomy as the basis for prevention of misconduct, require research institutions to assume a share of responsibility for prevention of misconduct and to strengthen their measures for prevention of misconduct.
APU follows trends in and outside Japan and, in coordination with relevant institutions, endeavors to prevent misconduct.

2. Guidelines in Japan

In relation to research ethics, the Ministry of Education, Culture, Sports, Science and Technology; the Science Council of Japan; and the Japan Society for the Promotion of Science have issued the below guidelines, codes of conduct and joint statements.

  1. New Guidelines for Responding to Misconduct in Research
    (Minister of Education, Culture, Sports, Science and Technology; revised August 26, 2014)
  2. For the Sound Development of Science - The Attitude of a Conscientious Scientist (Text version)
    (Japan Society for the Promotion of Science Editing Committee "For the Sound Development of Science," March 31, 2015)
  3. Research Ethics (Japan Science and Technology Agency)
    (Pamphlet on prevention of publication misconduct, code of conduct for scientists, etc.)
  4. Statement: Code of Conduct for Scientists -Revised Version-
    (Science Council of Japan, January 25, 2013)
  5. Joint Statement for Enhancing the Integrity of Scientific Research
    (Japan Association of National Universities, Japan Association of Public Universities, Federation of Japanese Private Colleges and Universities Associations, and Science Council of Japan; December 11, 2014)
  6. Enhancement of Integrity in Scientific Research (Response) (Japanese only)
    (Science Council of Japan, March 6, 2015)
3. Ritsumeikan Asia Pacific University Basic Policies and Regulations Regarding Research Misconduct
4. Clarification of Responsibilities Within the Institution (made public in accordance with the Guidelines for Responding to Misconduct in Research and other regulations)

The Ritsumeikan Asia Pacific University Regulations for Prevention of Misconduct in Research Activities define the following system of responsibilities.

  1. Chief Administrator: President of Ritsumeikan Asia Pacific University (university name omitted hereafter)
  2. General Administrator assisting the Chief Administrator and holding the responsibility and authority to supervise prevention of misconduct: vice president designated by the president
  3. Compliance Officers holding the responsibility and authority to inform and direct researchers in relation to research ethics:
    1. Dean of International Cooperation and Research
    2. Deans and Directors of Colleges and Centers
  4. Consultation center responding to misconduct and prevention of misconduct-related concerns from inside and outside the university: Research Office
  5. Reporting center accepting misconduct-related reports from inside and outside the university: reporting center determined by the Ritsumeikan Trust Report Handling Regulations.
5. Implementation of Research Ethics Education

The Research Office has been implementing research ethics education since AY2015. The office announces the details through its homepage.

[Research Ethics Education Materials]
For the Sound Development of Science - The Attitude of a Conscientious Scientist (Text version)
(Japan Society for the Promotion of Science Editing Committee "For the Sound Development of Science,"
March 31, 2015)

6. Ritsumeikan Asia Pacific University Guidelines for Proper Publication of Research Outcomes

The guidelines which all researchers at APU must observe when publishing their research outcomes have been specified. These guidelines aim to prevent improper publication of research outcomes and to ensure researchers do not suffer any detriment.
Ritsumeikan Asia Pacific University Guidelines for Proper Publication of Research Outcomes (PDF)

7. Ritsumeikan Asia Pacific University Protocols for “Research Involving Human Subjects”

Researchers at APU (including students) are urged to understand these points before engaging in their research and employ methods suited to the nature of their research.

  1. Compliance with Research Ethics Code/Guideline
    APU has set forth the “Guideline for Research Involving Human Subjects”, which clearly state the ethics and fundamental obligations those engaged in research should observe. Researchers must adhere to the Code and Guideline when collecting information through questionnaires or similar means.
    Ritsumeikan Asia Pacific University Guideline of Ethical Conduct in Research Involving Human Subjects (PDF)
     
  2. Explaining the Research and Requesting Participation (Informed Consent)
    The Guideline stipulates the researcher's responsibility to “explain the research” and obtain “informed consent”. In principle, the researcher should obtain the research participant's consent in writing. Please use the following sample and make changes as necessary.
    Sample Information Sheet / Consent Form
     
  3. University Confirmation of Research
    Researchers may inform the university about their research plans at their own discretion. If research ethics may become an issue in carrying out the research, the researcher should use the Research Ethics Check Sheet to check their research plan.
    Research Ethics Check Sheet (PDF)

However, the researcher must inform the Research Office in advance when they will be
(1) implementing “Research Involving Human Subjects” in class;
(2) allowing/working with someone outside APU to conduct research on APU students, faculty or staff; or
(3) employing public or internal research funding for the research.

In these cases, please submit material summarizing the research along with a copy of the consent form. As a general principle, for research in line with (1) or (2) above and research not in full conformance with the “Research Ethics Check Sheet” above, as well as on an as-needed basis for research in line with (3) above, the “Research Compliance/Ethics Review Committee” will confirm the content of the research and deliberate the advisability of implementing the research.
Research Ethics Screening Application

8. Reporting

Please see this page (Japanese only) for information on where to report misuse of public research funds.

●For measures to prevent misuse of public research funds, please see this page


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