The Satoyama and Satoumi Initiatives for the Conservation of Biodiversity and the Reactivation of Rural Areas in Japan: The Case of the Noto Peninsula
The Satoyamaand Satoumi Initiatives for the Conservation of Biodiversity and the Reactivation of Rural Areas in Japan: The Case of the Noto Peninsula
Volume 1,Number 1,Spring 2010 pp. 29-36(8)
This article discusses two areas of the Japanese landscape: the managed rural land comprising of forests and the villages between the mountains, called satoyama, and the coastal areas used by local villagers, known as satoumi. It focuses on the satoyama and satoumi areas of the Noto Peninsula in Ishikawa Prefecture in the Hokuriku region of northern Japan, along the Japan Sea coast, an area rich in cultural and biological diversity. Today the delicate ecosystems of these landscapes are under threat from various environmental and social problems, including under-management of the land, increased pollution and impacts from human activities, a shrinking rural population, declining agriculture and an aging society. Of particular discussion are attempts by university and government initiatives to maintain the rural landscape and environment in Japan, together with its biodiversity, in the face of these challenges.
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